China is a populous nation in East Asia whose vast landscape encompasses grassland, desert, mountains, lakes, rivers and more than 14,000km of coastline. Capital Beijing mixes modern architecture with historic sites such as the Forbidden City palace complex and Tiananmen Square. Shanghai is a skyscraper-studded global financial center. The iconic Great Wall of China runs east-west across the country's north.
The city of Xi’an has the Terracotta Army archaeological site featuring thousands of sculpted warriors from the 3rd century B.C. From Xi’an, the ancient Silk Road trade route runs west through Dunhuang, where the Mogao Caves house Buddhist sculptures and murals, and Kashgar, with its renowned Sunday Market. In the south are Yunnan’s dramatic canyon, Tiger Leaping Gorge, and the city of Guilin, known for its karst peaks and the Li River. Hong Kong is known for its shopping, Victoria Peak views and harborside skyline. Remote Tibet is home to Mt. Everest and Potala Palace, the Dalai Lama’s former home.